Commercial HVAC maintenance

6 Sustainability Tips for Commercial HVAC That Also Save Money

By Peter Biermayer

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are among the most energy-intensive mechanism of any business. In fact, space cooling alone accounts for 15% of the electricity used in commercial buildings on average.1 According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), much of the energy and cost that goes into powering HVAC is lost to waste – upwards of 30% in the average commercial building.2

Reducing wasted HVAC energy consumption is an important building block in the push for greater sustainability in the business world. It is also a great way to substantially reduce operating costs. And many of the steps that business owners and managers can take to improve sustainability and reduce costs require little to no expense. Many of those steps are also incredibly simple, and the more complex waste-reducing practices often offer excellent return on investment.

Business owners or managers who want to improve environmental sustainability while at the same time reducing operating costs should consider the 6 HVAC energy saving tips listed below. All of these tips can be made even more effective by working with a qualified HVAC technician.

1. Reduce wasted energy by 5-10% by regularly changing HVAC filters
Dirty filters overwork HVAC systems by restricting air flow, cost far more to use, lead to poor indoor air quality and result in far more commercial HVAC maintenance issues and costs. Check HVAC filters on a quarterly basis. Finding an HVAC technician to perform regular check-ups can help.

HVAC filters should be changed every month. At the longest, HVAC filters should be switched out every three months. Switching out dirty filters is one of the simplest sustainability steps a business can take, and it can reduce wasted energy costs by 5-10%.

2. Save hundreds of dollars a year with programmable thermostats
Temperature settings in a business can often be contentious. Installing programmable thermostats removes much of the burden of tailoring temperature settings to meet the desires of a diverse workforce and customer base by focusing on sustainability and reduced costs.

Installing programmable thermostats can affect sustainability and wasted energy in a number of ways. Building temperatures can be set to run at higher or lower temperatures (depending on the season) when indoor spaces are not in use, which can save hundreds of dollars a year.3

Programmable thermostats are available in 7-day models, which are ideal for regularly changing schedules; and 5+2-day models, which are appropriate for businesses that operate on regular five-day schedules where less energy use is required on weekends or other two-day periods.

Finding an HVAC technician with commercial experience can help business owners and managers find the programmable thermostats that are most effective for their respective businesses.

3. Reduce commercial HVAC maintenance costs by 40% with regular quality maintenance
Commercial HVAC maintenance is like getting a tune-up for a car – both are necessary for top performance. Regular quality maintenance on all HVAC systems and equipment ensures that those systems and equipment are not wasting energy due to substandard, aging or faulty performance.

Taking a proactive approach to a building's HVAC systems through regular quality maintenance can reduce commercial HVAC maintenance costs by up to 40%.4 But the key to unlocking that level of savings is finding an HVAC technician who can provide the kind of in-depth knowledge, work and advice that is crucial to properly maintaining HVAC systems and equipment.

4. Improve HVAC efficiency by 20% by properly sealing heating and cooling ducts
Doing something as simple as properly sealing heating and cooling ducts can improve HVAC efficiency by 20% or more. Finding an HVAC technician with experience sealing ducts is the best way to maximize added efficiency.

Ducts can be sealed using mastic, foil tape or blown-in duct sealant, such as Aeroseal. The sealing effect is further improved by wrapping the ducts in insulation. Focus first on areas of the building that are unprotected – underneath the building or in unheated/cooled storage spaces.

5. Improve efficiency by 5-20% with HVAC upgrades and/or HVAC replacement
Sometimes the best ways to improve HVAC efficiency come through upgrading or replacing existing HVAC equipment and systems. Running HVAC systems and equipment past their suggested lifespans leads to exorbitant energy and maintenance costs.

If a building’s air conditioner or heat pump is more than 10 years old, replace it with ENERGY STAR-certified products. ENERGY STAR-certified air conditioners and heat pumps can improve sustainability and reduce energy costs by up to 20%.5 Furnaces or boilers that are more than 15 years old will also likely be due for upgrades or replacement, and ENERGY STAR-certified furnaces and boilers also offer significant cost and energy savings.

Retrofitting existing packaged rooftop HVAC units with advanced digital economizer controls and/or sensors that bring in ventilation air only when needed – also known as demand controlled ventilation – is yet another important and successful way for businesses to significantly improve energy efficiency.

6. Optimize HVAC sustainability by working with a qualified HVAC contractor
In order to get the most out of any HVAC repair, upgrade or replacement, work with a qualified HVAC contractor. The contractor can perform regular checkups and advise business owners on when and how to perform necessary maintenance.

Participating in a utility quality maintenance program, like the one offered by PG&E, is among the most effective ways to ensure the long-term viability of an HVAC system.

For more information on finding and working with an HVAC contractor, please reference the "The Complete Guide to Working with a Lighting or HVAC Contractor" eBook from PG&E.

Sources:
  1. ENERGY STAR
  2. ENERGY STAR
  3. ENERGY STAR
  4. Pacific Gas and Electric Company
  5. ENERGY STAR



Stop wasting energy and start reducing costs in your business.
  • SMB Blog Author
    Peter Biermayer
    Senior Product Manager at PG&E for commercial HVAC and refrigeration. Peter has a Master's degree in Mechanical Engineering and has over thirty years of experience in the energy efficiency field, including work at a research development and testing laboratory, a national laboratory performing analysis for energy regulations, a resource efficiency manager at a military base and now at PG&E.

Comments

By Alex Lane on November 16, 2015

Thank you for these tips. We recently had some air conditioning repair done and it made me realize that we need to be more careful about maintaining it, but I hadn't thought about it as a way to lower costs throughout the year too. I can't believe that a programmable thermostat could save so much. We had just been raising the thermostat by about eight degrees anytime we left. Is that wasting energy?

PG&E's Response
Raising the thermostat when you are gone in summer generally saves about 2% per degree set up. However, switching to a programmable thermostat can save more since it also functions as a timer to shut the system completely off when it is not needed.

By Bryce Trout on November 04, 2015

I really like that all of your tips improve the life of your HVAC system, as well as lower your bills. I had no idea that sealing your heating and cooling ducts could improve your efficiency by so much. I am going to have to try this moving forward.

By Veronica Marks on November 11, 2015

This is a great list of tips, and I think they actually would apply to most residential systems as well! I especially like the tip to use programmable thermostats. That's actually something we started doing recently and I'm already noticing the difference! It actually makes it a lot more energy efficient when it's programmed based on the time of day and how many people are home. Thanks for a great article!

 

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